From circa until new-build US Navy ships designated as destroyer escorts DE were called ocean escorts. Postwar destroyer escorts and frigates were larger than those produced during wartime, with increased antiaircraft capability, but remained smaller and slower than postwar destroyers. Full-sized destroyers must be able to steam as fast or faster than the fast capital ships such as fleet carriers and cruisers. They must carry torpedoes and a smaller caliber of cannon to use against enemy ships, as well as antisubmarine detection equipment and weapons. These lower requirements greatly reduce the size, cost, and crew required for the destroyer escort.
USS Slater DE-766
USS Slater DE - Albany, NY
Although the need for a mass-produced anti-submarine warship had been recognized well before the war, construction priorities were given to larger warships and smaller landing craft. Thus, the United States Navy began the war with ships that were more or less inadequate to the technological demands of World War II combat. Read more The production of destroyer escorts was first seriously considered by the United States Navy in the spring of
History of Destroyer Escorts
This is a list of destroyer escorts of the United States Navy , listed in a table sortable by both name and hull-number. The Lend-lease Act was passed into law in the US in March enabling the United Kingdom to procure merchant ships, warships and munitions etc. This enabled the UK to commission the US to design, build and supply an escort vessel that was suitable for anti submarine warfare in deep open ocean situations, which they did in June
A destroyer escort DE is the classification for a smaller, lightly armed warship designed to be used to escort convoys of merchant marine ships, primarily of the United States Merchant Marine in World War II. Slower and less expensive than a fleet destroyer, destroy escorts were employed primarily for anti-submarine warfare , but also provided some protection against aircraft and smaller attack vessels. The US built roughly destroyer escorts spread out over 8 classes. The Royal Navy deployed destroyer escorts of the Evarts subclass and of the Buckley subclass with the torpedo tubes removed and designating them as Captain-class frigates.