Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Canadian women, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer. While it can also be found in men, male breast cancer is a very rare occurrence. Breast cancer starts in the cells of the mammary gland. Breast tissue covers a larger area than just the breast, extending up to the collarbone and from the armpit to the breastbone.
Public Health Research and Cancer
Research Areas: Cancer and Public Health - National Cancer Institute
Breast cancer is a political issue. The federal government is the largest funder of biomedical research. Laws regulate and support access to care and health care systems. Third party payors are subject to state and federal regulations. In fact, every aspect of breast cancer is touched by public policy. It is key that those who influence that policy are educated and trained and have no agenda other than to save lives, and to end breast cancer.
Breast cancer: prevention and control
Each breast contains 15 to 20 lobes of glandular tissue, arranged like the petals of a daisy. The lobes are further divided into smaller lobules that produce milk for breast-feeding. Small tubes ducts conduct the milk to a reservoir that lies just beneath your nipple. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women.
Over the years, DCEG research on breast cancer has made a significant impact in the following areas:. Since its original publication, the tool has been updated and expanded. It is widely used by clinicians and researchers. The Food and Drug Administration guidelines rely on the tool for the recommendation of use of tamoxifen and raloxifene for breast cancer risk reduction. The findings highlighted the importance of population-specific founder mutations in genetic testing and affected the clinical management of mutation carriers Struewing et al.